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To simplify is to trade many of your pieces when you have material advantage. Simplification progresses a position into the Endgame. Less tactics are available during the endgame, and material advantages become more pronounced.

a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 p b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 n g7 h7 7
6 a6 P b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 n h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 N~ f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 ~~ d4 e4 f4 g4 k h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 B d3 N e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 K c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
1.Ne5+ forces a simplification. After the trade, white will be up a bishop.
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