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4 a4 b4 c4 P d4 P e4 f4 g4 h4 4
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The Queen's Gambit Declined (QGD) is a chess opening sequence that starts with the Queen's Gambit as follows:

1. d4 d5

2. c4 ...,

...and then Black responds with: 2. ... e6, declining the pawn at c4 White had offered.

It is the second most common response to the Queen's Gambit, after the Slav Defence. The Queen's Gambit Declined can also be used to refer other responses to the Queen's Gambit that isn't the Queen's Gambit Accepted , for example the Albin Countergambit.


The Queen's Gambit Declined protects Black's d-pawn to prevent it's capture. The main line is to go 3. Nc3 to attack Black's d-pawn twice, and 3... Nf6 to protect the d-pawn and develop Black's minor pieces. Then White can respond with 4. cxd5 (Exchange Variation), 4. Nf3 (a solid classical option which can lead to the Semi-Slav Defence) or 4. Bg5 (pinning Black's knight to the queen).