The King's Gambit is an opening played by White, to try and gain control of the centre and have the better position leading into the middle game. The moves played are:

  1. e4 e5
  2. f4

Here White tries to undermine the centre on the f file. If Black captures then White follows up with d4 taking control of the centre and threatening to recapture the f4 pawn with the Bishop on c4. White often plays the Knight to f3 before taking the pawn however as there is a threat of Qh4+ that has to be dealt with.

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