Black King.svg


The king is the most important piece in the game, even more important than the powerful queen despite its ironically weak moves compared to its importance, If a king is checked and cannot move out of check, it is checkmate, and the game is lost. Kings can move one space in any direction, as long as it is not moving into check. They can also perform castle with a rook. The white king is set up on e1, and the black king is set up on e8. Once a king is in checkmate, the game is over. Kings are represented in English algebraic notation by a capital K.

Chess zhor 26.png
Chess zver 26.png a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 rd h8 Chess zver 26.png
a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 xd b4 xd c4 xd d4 e4 f4 xd g4 h4 xd
a3 xd b3 kl c3 xd d3 e3 f3 xd g3 kl h3 xd
a2 xd b2 xd c2 xd d2 e2 f2 xd g2 h2 xd
a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1
Chess zhor 26.png
Where a king is able to move

Although Kings cannot be "captured", the estimated value for a King is 3.5, which is slightly stronger than a Knight or a Bishop, and slightly weaker than a Rook.

Chess zhor 26.png
Chess zver 26.png a8 kd b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 Chess zver 26.png
a7 b7 pd c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7
a6 pd b6 bl c6 d6 e6 f6 pd g6 h6 pd
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 pd f5 pl g5 pd h5 kl
a4 b4 c4 d4 pd e4 pl f4 g4 pl h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 pl e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2
a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1
Chess zhor 26.png
Using the king to capture pawns in the endgame


King's value point is infinity, due to his importance. However, especially in the endgame, the king can also be a fighting piece, and is sometimes given a fighting value of 3.5 points.


The strategy relating to a king seems to be focused more on defending the king than employing its powers. If the king is in check, there are three ways to escape: 1.) most favorably, capture the threatening piece; 2.) move the king out of check; or 3.) put a piece between the threat and the king (Blocking).

A king's offensive options become more important during the endgame, where it is generally favorable to move the king out to the middle of the board where it can move out to take surrounding pieces, usually pawns that it will eliminate one by one.

If the kings are the only pieces on the board at one time, it is automatically declared a stalemate. A player who knows they are seriously losing may attempt to bring about stalemate in order to avoid defeat, particularly during the endgame.



Chess Basics- King Overview


Chess pieces
Bishop · King · Knight · Queen · Rook · Pawn