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a b c d e f g h
8 a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd 8
7 a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 pd e7 f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 qd g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 pd f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 pl f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 nl g3 h3 3
2 a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 pl e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl 2
1 a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 h1 rl 1
a b c d e f g h
The Greco Defense.

The Greco Defense is a chess opening that starts with the moves:

  1. e4 e5
  2. Nf3 Qf6

This opening is named after Gioachino Greno. Out of all the ways Black can defend his/her e-pawn, this is one of the weaker ones. It is because it develops the queen very early, meaning it can be a very easy target. It also has no purpose being on f6 besides defending the pawn and it takes away the natural developing square for the kingside knight.

3... d4[]

White can play d4 next, so if Black takes, White can recapture with the knight on f3. If Black defends with d6, White can play d5 or take the pawn on e5, and if Black recaptures, the d-file will be open for the white queen which will prevent Black from castling queenside. White should then move the kingside bishop and castle the king to safety, or move the queenside knight, queenside bishop, and the queen a few squares up the d-file and castle queenside and make a battery on that open d-file.

3... Bc4[]

This is also a reasonable response to the Greco Defense, aiming for that f7 square. Unlike the Italian Game, the f7 square is not only defended by the king, but also by the queen on f6.

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