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8 a8 r b8 n c8 b d8 q e8 k f8 b g8 n h8 r 8
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4 a4 b4 c4 P d4 P e4 f4 g4 h4 4
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2 a2 P b2 P c2 d2 e2 P f2 P g2 P h2 P 2
1 a1 R b1 N c1 B d1 Q e1 K f1 B g1 N h1 R 1
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The example for a Gambit: The Queen's Gambit

A gambit is a common name for openings in which one of the sides (in most cases white), in the interests of rapid development, capturing the center, or simply to aggravate the game, sacrifices material (usually a pawn, but sometimes a light piece). There is an accepted gambit (a move that continues the gambit and leads for a trap), a rejected gambit (declining the gambit, in which game usually continues in normal gameplay, but sometimes can also lead for another trap or opponent inaccuracy) and a counter gambit (instead of accepting the gambit, the opponent, in turn, sacrifices his own material to get more achieved position).

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