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A file is a sequence of squares on the chess board that runs in a straight (not diagonal) line from the white pieces (in the initial position) to the black pieces. There are 8 files on the chess board, and they are labeled from left to right, from White's perspective, with the letters a to h in algebraic notation (in English).

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a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 xd g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 xd g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 xd g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 pd f5 rd g5 pd h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 xd g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 xd g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 xd g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 xd g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
The f-file rook with the e-file and g-file pawns.

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