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Not to be confused with the English Opening that starts with 1. c4.

a b c d e f g h
8 a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd 8
7 a7 pd b7 c7 pd d7 pd e7 pd f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd 7
6 a6 b6 pd c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 pl e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 e2 pl f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl 2
1 a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 nl h1 rl 1
a b c d e f g h
The English Defense.

The English Defense is a chess opening that starts with the moves:

  1. d4 b6

The move b6 does not control the center immediately, but it prepares to fianchetto the bishop to b7, which does. The best second moves for white are e4, c4, and Nf3. The move 2. e4 transposes to an Owen’s Defense. If white plays a move that controls e4 (except Qd3), black can delay Bb7 to move 3 and play f5, putting pressure in the center, preventing e4, and preparing Bb7, or black can play Bb7 anyway. If White plays c4, black can delay Bb7 and play 2. d4, looking like a Queen’s Gambit Declined variation, play f5, or black can play Bb7 anyways since that was black’s main point of playing b6.