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a b c d e f g h
8 a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd 8
7 a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 pd e7 pd f7 g7 pd h7 pd 7
6 a6   b6   c6   d6   e6   f6 g6   h6   6
5 a5   b5   c5 d5   e5 f5 pd g5   h5   5
4 a4   b4   c4   d4 pl e4 f4   g4   h4   4
3 a3   b3   c3   d3   e3   f3   g3   h3   3
2 a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 e2 pl f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl 2
1 a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 nl h1 rl 1
a b c d e f g h
1. d4 f5

The Dutch Defense is the fourth most common response to 1. d4, the Queen's Pawn Game. It is characterised by the moves:

  1. d4 f5

It comprises ECO codes A80-A99.

ECO Codes[]

ECO Code A80 contains all irregular variations. Specifically, it includes every response from white apart from:

  • Main Line, 2. c4 (A84-99)
  • Staunton Gambit, 2. e4 (A82-83)
  • Fianchetto Attack, 2. g3 (A81)

The noteworthy openings in A80 are:

  • Korchnoi Attack (2. h3)
  • Spielmann Gambit (2. Nc3 Nf6 3. g4)
  • Krejcik Gambit (2. g4)
  • Manhattan Variation (2. Qd3)

For a list of all other ECO Codes, see List of chess openings.