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a b c d e f g h
8 a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd 8
7 a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 e7 pd f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd 7
6 a6   b6   c6   d6   e6   f6 g6   h6   6
5 a5   b5   c5   d5 pd e5   f5 g5   h5   5
4 a4   b4   c4   d4 pl e4 f4   g4   h4   4
3 a3   b3   c3   d3   e3   f3   g3   h3   3
2 a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 e2 pl f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl 2
1 a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 nl h1 rl 1
a b c d e f g h
1. d4 d5

The Closed Game, also known as the Double Queen's Pawn Game, is the second most common response to 1. d4, the Queen's Pawn Game. It is characterised by the moves:

  1. d4 d5

It comprises ECO codes D00-D69.


ECO Codes[]

ECO Code D00 contains all irregular Closed Games. Specifically, it includes every response from white apart from:

  • Queen's Gambit, 2. c4 (D06-69)
  • Zukertort Variation, 2. Nf3 (D02-05)
  • Richter-Veresov Attack, 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. Bg5 (D01)


The noteworthy openings in D00 are:

  • Blackmar-Diemer Gambit (2. e5)
  • Chigorin Variation (2. Nc3)
  • Levitsky Attack (2. Bg5)
  • Stonewall Attack (2. e3 or c3)
  • Modern London System (2. Bf4)

For a list of all other ECO Codes, see List of chess openings.


Sources[]

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